Order Authorizing the Issue of Two One-dollar Commemorative Circulation Coins Specifying the Characteristics and Determining the Designs (Oscar Peterson): SOR/2022-154

Canada Gazette, Part II, Volume 156, Number 14

SOR/2022-154 June 21, 2022


Order Authorizing the Issue of Two One-dollar Commemorative Circulation Coins Specifying the Characteristics and Determining the Designs (Oscar Peterson)

P.C. 2022-719 June 20, 2022

Her Excellency the Governor General in Council, on the recommendation of the Minister of Finance, pursuant to sections 6.4footnote a and 6.5footnote a of the Royal Canadian Mint Act footnote b, authorizes the issue of two one-dollar circulation coins, the characteristics of which are to be as specified in item 2.2footnote c of Part 2 of the schedule to that Act and the diameter of which is to be 26.5 mm, and determines the design of the coins to be as follows:


(This statement is not part of the Order.)


The Royal Canadian Mint (the Mint) seeks to produce two $1 commemorative circulation coins honouring and celebrating the life, work, and music of Oscar Peterson as a tribute to his contributions not only to Canadian culture, but to the world of music. The two $1 coins would have one shared design that would be produced in a version with colour, and a version without colour.


Oscar Peterson is widely recognized as among the world’s greatest pianists. Peterson was also a notable composer, the significance of whose music went beyond art: Hymn to Freedom, notes and chord symbols from which appear on the coins, was an anthem of the civil rights movement in the 1960s, and remains a critical cultural symbol today.

The celebration of Oscar Peterson’s life and work is an opportunity to raise national awareness of the significance and contributions of Canadian art and culture to music as Mr. Peterson is one of the most impactful, renowned, celebrated, and decorated musicians in Canadian history.


The objective of the Mint’s commemorative circulation coins is to promote Canada’s heritage, as well as Canadian values, culture and history by minting special coins that raise awareness of subjects, stories and events of importance to Canadians.


The two $1 coins would feature the same design in versions with and without colour. The design would depict Mr. Peterson playing the piano, above which are musical notes and chord symbols from his Hymn to Freedom. Beneath Mr. Peterson’s likeness would appear his name: ’OSCAR PETERSON’.

Regulatory development


The Mint welcomes the public to submit ideas for coin themes and designs through its web site. Development of the designs for the Mint’s 2022 commemorative coin program began in early 2021.

Quantitative market research was conducted between September 7 and September 16, 2021 through an online survey sent to a nationally representative sample consisting of 2,513 respondents over the age of 18, residing in Canada. Ninety-three per cent of respondents indicated that the design is appealing, suggesting broad support for the coins.

In addition, Mint officials consulted directly with the following organizations to assess their support, and seek their input regarding the creation and development of the recommended design. The following organizations have indicated their support for the coins.

This Order has been exempted from pre-publication in the Canada Gazette, Part I because coin designs do not impose regulatory requirements on the Canadian public.

Modern treaty obligations and Indigenous engagement and consultation

An assessment of Modern Treaty Implications indicated that this Order would not impact Indigenous rights and/or modern treaty obligations.

Instrument choice

Pursuant to sections 6.4 and 6.5 of the Royal Canadian Mint Act (the Act), the Governor in Council may, by order, authorize the issuance of circulation coins of a denomination listed in Part 2 of the Schedule of that Act and determine the design of any circulation coin to be issued. This Order is the only instrument choice available under the Act to authorize the issuance of circulation coins and approve their design.

Regulatory analysis

Benefits and costs

The Mint would incur some program costs in issuing these new commemorative coins. No costs for Canadians, businesses, or other stakeholders are anticipated.

These coins would communicate the significance, and enable Canadians to learn more about, one of the most impactful, renowned, celebrated, and decorated musicians in Canadian history, as well as his monumental contributions to Canadian culture, and to the world of jazz music.

As commemorative coins are available at face value and circulate widely, public demand is high, with many people collecting coins and taking them out of circulation. These special circulation coin programs contribute to the overall success of federal commemorative events and activities. Coins would be distributed through financial institutions with a portion reserved for public coin exchanges.

Small business lens

The small business lens does not apply as there are no associated impacts on businesses.

One-for-one rule

The one-for-one rule does not apply as there is no impact on businesses.

Regulatory cooperation and alignment

Given that this Order authorizes the issuance of new commemorative coins, there is no regulatory cooperation or alignment component associated with it.

Strategic environmental assessment

In accordance with the Cabinet Directive on the Environmental Assessment of Policy, Plan and Program Proposals, a preliminary scan concluded that a strategic environmental assessment is not required.

Gender-based analysis plus (GBA+)

Commemorative circulation coins have represented nationally significant milestones in the advancement of gender rights, as well as those more broadly representative of Canadian diversity and our shared history. Celebrating Mr. Peterson’s life and work through these coins would represent an important additional milestone in the Mint’s efforts to reflect Canada’s diversity on our currency: he would be the first Black person to appear on a circulation coin. Celebrating the full breadth of Canada’s diversity will continue to feature prominently in the Mint’s future plans for commemorative circulation coin designs.

Implementation, compliance and enforcement, and service standards

Upon approval of the Order, the Mint would proceed with a production order to authorize its Winnipeg facility to start production. There are no compliance and enforcement requirements associated with this Order. Launch event tactics are developed collaboratively with federal and community partners. They may include some or all of the following: a national multi-media advertising campaign, news releases, a public launch event, media relations outreach and public coin exchanges.


Simon Kamel
General Counsel and Corporate Secretary
Corporate and Legal Affairs
Royal Canadian Mint
320 Sussex Drive
Ottawa, Ontario
K1A 0G8
Telephone: 613‑993‑1732
Fax: 613‑990‑4665
Email: kamel@mint.ca